Although there are plenty of wine types according to the grape, the region and the technology to produce it, there are 4 most basic types of wines.
Red Wine (Cabernet). Red wine is a type of wine made from dark-colored (black) grape varieties, like Cabernet. The actual color of the wine can range from intense violet, typical of young wines, through to brick red for mature wines and brown for older red wines.
White Wine (Chardonnay). White wine is a type of wine that is fermented without skin contact. The colour can be straw-yellow, yellow-green, or yellow-gold. It is produced by the alcoholic fermentation of the non-coloured pulp of grapes, which may have a skin of any colour.
Pink Wine (Rose). A rose is a type of wine that incorporates some of the color from the grape skins, but not enough to qualify it as a red wine.
Sparkling Wine (Champagne). Sparkling wine is a type of wine with significant levels of carbon dioxide in it, making it fizzy. While the phrase commonly refers to champagne, EU countries legally reserve that term for products exclusively produced in the Champagne region of France.