Human evolution is the evolutionary process that led to the emergence of anatomically modern humans, beginning with the evolutionary history of primates - in particular genus Homo - and leading to the emergence of Homo sapiens as a distinct species of the hominid family, the great apes. This process involved the gradual development of traits such as human bipedalism and language, as well as interbreeding with other hominins, which indicate that human evolution was not linear but a web.
Within the Hominoidea (apes) superfamily, the Hominidae family diverged from the Hylobatidae (gibbon) family some 15–20 million years ago; African great apes (subfamily Homininae) diverged from orangutans (Ponginae) about 14 million years ago; the Hominini tribe, where the game begins, parted from the Gorillini tribe (gorillas) between 8–9 million years ago; and, in turn, the subtribes Hominina (humans and biped ancestors) and Panina (chimpanzees) separated 4–7 million years ago.
1. So the gorillas separated 9 million years ago to go in their own branch of evolution and reach the modern day gorilla.
2. Then the chimpanzees separated in their own branch some 6 million years ago. And 4 million years ago some of them stand up becoming bipedal - to walk on two legs and not four.
3. And then the modern human branch begun 3.8 million years ago with the Australopithecus. There are varous species of Australopithecus,inhabiting different regions of the world, beginning to spread from Africa to Australia and Asia. They still had enlonged skulls and smaller brains, but somewhere in the 2 million years period of Australopithecus existance, human made their first stone tools.
4. Approximately 1.5 million years ago, during Homo Rudolfensis and Homo Habilis split, humans learned to use fire. While they were extinct new species appeared.
5. Then 1.2 million years ago Homo Erectus made their first clothes, which were more a fur cover than a cloth.
6. There were 2 noticeable species before the appearance of homo sapiens 300 000 years ago, the Heidelbergensis and the Neanderthales.